If you are not sure what elastic to use on your sewing project, we are here to help! Today, we are here to teach you the different types of elastics for sewing and when to use them.
Can you imagine your life as a sewer, sewing your favorite projects without elastics? How about making yoga pants or maternity pants without elastic waistband? Think about those swimsuits, surgical garments, socks or gowns without an ability to stretch.
Elastic gives us comfort, fantastic fit and provides room for the stretch-ability of our clothes.
What is Elastic?
Elastic is a stretchy and narrow fabric made with a flexible substance. It is manufactured by weaving, knitting or braiding together strands of rubber, latex or other pliable material that can be stretched and return to its original shape. Because of the different types available, it is essential for you to know which type of elastic is right for your project.
The Different Types of Sewing Elastic
Braided elastic, the cheapest type of elastic, narrows when stretched and is lightweight. If you think your project will get heavy use, then it is better to use braided elastic because it has a longer life expectancy than other types of elastics. It is mostly used in casings but it is not recommended to be sewn directly to your fabric because it will lose its stretch over time.
If you prefer a soft kind of elastic, knit elastic is a perfect choice! Aside from being soft, it is also comfortable to use. Knit elastic is shrink-resistant and does not narrow when stretched. It can be used in a casing or can be sewn directly to the fabric without losing its stretch. It is an excellent choice for your wash-and-wear project. An example for this is your pajama pants.
Another type of elastic which is stronger than braided and knit elastic is the woven elastic. It is the thickest kind elastic that does not narrow when stretched, thus, making it an excellent choice when sewing heavy-weight projects. Woven elastic will retain the stretch when sewn directly onto fabric. It is also suitable for casings.
Fold over elastic (also called FOE) is a flat, thin elastic that has a line along the center that makes it easier to be folded in half. It is used to finish edges on stretch fabrics or garments just like the athletic apparel or swimsuits. FOE is typically used for making undies, baby diaper and can be an alternative for finishing necklines. It comes in varieties of colors and unique patterns so you can choose which one is suitable for your desired project. It does not narrow when stretched.
Lingerie elastic has decorative edges and comes in different textures and colors. Designed for bras and lingerie, it has a plush side for comfort against the skin when used. With your artistic side, you can use it as a design element on the outside of your garment. (Here's a big roundup of free lingerie patterns if you want to give these a try.)
There are other types of elastic, too, such as swimwear elastic, baby elastic, clear elastic, buttonhole elastic, elastic thread and even drawstring elastic. We will cover these in a later article but I just wanted to introduce you to the basics now.